If you own, occupy or have management responsibilities for a building then you have a legal duty to manage asbestos within that premises. To comply with Regulation 4 you need to manage asbestos but you will not be able to do that unless you know you have it. If you know you have it then you will need a management plan and a register.
There are three main types of survey. The management survey which is used to manage asbestos on a daily basis, then there is the pre refurbishment/demolition asbestos survey used before any major works are undertaken and a re-inspection survey to upate an old survey on an annual basis.
This is a standard survey to locate and as far as reasonably practicable identify the presence and location of Asbestos in the building which could be damaged or disturbed during normal occupancy. Areas inspected should include underfloor coverings, above false ceilings, lofts, inside risers, service ducts, lift shafts, basements, cellars, undergrounds rooms etc.
This type of survey is required prior to any works which will disturb the fabric of the building. This is a disruptive and intrusive survey which involves breaking through walls and partitions and to open up floors. The aim is to identify where practical all asbestos in the premises which needs to be removed prior to demolition or refurbishment work being carried out. The survey report should be used to help in the tendering process for the removal of asbestos.
A re-inspection is carried out as a follow up to the surveys detailed above and is used to monitor previously identified Asbestos materials as part of the legally required management of Asbestos